Author : Meltem Giray
Type : Özgün Makale
Printing Year : Temmuz 2017
Doi Number : http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/ijiia.2.21
Number : 2
Term : HAZİRAN-TEMMUZ/ YAZ
Date : 2017-06-06 15:53:18
He 'Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art', which was built as a unique plan design by famous architects in America after 1950, is one of the most important examples of the monumental structures of Contemporary Arts Museums as well as the first architectural design and practice of the Josef Paul Kleihues. Kleihues, who is known in Europe because of his museum constructions with the influences of Roma architecture at its origins, is highly influenced by Chicago city architecture when designing the MCA museum. Inspired by architects who are creators of the Chicago-style architectural style, Kleihues is particularly influenced by the geometric architecture of Mies Van der Rohe, designed with the famous square grids.
The plan of Kleihues's MCA structure is designed as rigid symmetrical forms. The three-storey structure is accessed by stairs at a height of one level to the main entrance door located at the center of the west side ceiling, which is divided into three symmetrical sections. The predominant color of the building is white limestone. The facades attract attention with the cast aluminum used on the gray coated floor. While the use of materials points to the classical tradition, the simple style is completely modernist in the style of avoiding the decor.
As a result, Kleihues' MCA Museum resembles a Chicago-type architect known as an outstanding architectural style. However, the MCA museum, to some extent, reveals the original work of interior and exterior designs, although Chicago architecture is inherently far from pragmatic and functional as far as historical decorations are concerned.
Key Words: Josef Paul Kleihues, Contemporary Art Museums, Chicago Architecture, Natural Lighting